Associations of socioeconomic status with infectious diseases mediated by lifestyle, environmental pollution and chronic comorbidities: a comprehensive evaluation based on UK Biobank | Infectious Diseases of Poverty

Study population

UKB is a repository of research data sourced from ~ 500,000 UK-wide participants aged around 40–70 years old, recruited from 22 assessment centers during 2006–2010 [28]. We used data collected for each participant from enrollment to March 26, 2021. In brief, data in the UKB repository was grouped into 277 categories, and we retrieved those related to (i) socioeconomic factors (categories 100,066, 100,063, and 100,064); (ii) lifestyle factors (categories 100,058, 100,054, 100,052, 100,051, 100,057, and 143); (iii) environmental pollution factors (categories 114 and 115); (iv) health outcome factors (categories 2002, 100,074, 100,060, 137, and 100,092) (Additional file 1: Table S1) [29]. Note that although an individual’s SES and lifestyle may change over time, we used the baseline survey data to define the socioeconomic and lifestyle status of each participant. A research protocol for our study has obtained all necessary approvals from the UKB’s review committees. We accessed to the UKB cohort consisting of 502,462 individuals. Following Yang and Zhou [30, 31], we removed individuals: (i) who have sex mismatched; (ii) who are redacted and thus do not have a corresponding ID; (iii) who have missing information on socioeconomic factors or other covariates. Finally, we retained 412,258 participants in UKB for subsequent analysis (Fig. 1a).

Fig. 1
figure 1

Flowchart of the participants selection in the UK Biobank (a) and US NHANES (b). SES socioeconomic status

In US NHANES, we included 101,316 participants surveyed from 1999 to 2018, and followed Zhang et al. to remove individuals: (i) who were less than 20 years old; (ii) who were pregnant; (iii) who had missing information on socioeconomic factors or other covariates; (iv) who had non-positive sample weights for an interview or health examination in the datasets [32]. Finally, we retained 45,671 participants in US NHANES for subsequent analysis (Fig. 

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Alternative Sports Equipment Market Status | Future Roadmap by 2031 | Taiwan News

The latest research report provides a complete assessment of the Alternative Sports Equipment market for the forecast year 2022-2031, which is beneficial for companies regardless of their size and revenue. This survey report covers the major market insights and industry approach towards COVID-19 in the upcoming years. The Alternative Sports Equipment market report presents data and information on the development of the investment structure, technological improvements, market trends and developments, capabilities, and comprehensive information on the key players of the Alternative Sports Equipment market. The worldwide market strategies undertaken, with respect to the current and future scenario of the industry, have also been listed in the study.

The report begins with a brief presentation and overview of the Alternative Sports Equipment market, about the current market landscape, market trends, major market players, product type, application, and region. It also includes the impact of COVID-19 on the global Alternative Sports Equipment market trends, future forecasts, growth opportunities, end-user industries, and market players. It also provides historical data, current market scenario and future insights on Alternative Sports Equipment market. This study provides a comprehensive understanding of market value with the product price, demand, gross margin, and supply of the Alternative Sports Equipment market. The competitive perspective section of the report presents a clear insight into the market share analysis of the major players in the industry.

To know about more drivers and challenges -Download a PDF sample now @ https://market.us/report/alternative-sports-equipment-market/request-sample/

Representative image 1: Y-O-Y Growth Rate Executive Summary

market-size

Competitive Spectrum – Top Companies Participating in the Alternative Sports Equipment Market are:

Black Diamond Equipment
Tecnica Group
Cannondale Bicycle
Boardriders
Johnson Outdoors
Skis Rossignol
Salomon S.A.S.
K2 Sports
Sk8factory
Confluence Outdoor

Alternative Sports Equipment market research report will be sympathetic for: 

1. New Investors

2. Propose investors and private equity companies

3. Cautious

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Growth, Size, Shares, Trends, Development Status, Opportunities, Competitive Landscape, Geographical Segmentations

Absolute Reports Pvt Ltd

Absolute Reports Pvt Ltd

Pune, April 29, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Bicycle apparels & accessories Market 2022 report provides comprehensive insights about top companies and main competitors in Bicycle apparels & accessories. Report covers the segmentation, including applications and product type, regions. This report provides a detailed analysis of the market, including its dynamics, characteristics, main players, structure, growth and demand drivers, etc. as a complete study report, it covers all details inside analysis and opinion in Bicycle apparels & accessories industry.

The global bicycle apparels & accessories market is projected to register a CAGR of 5.05% and reach a value of USD 9,529.1million by 2027.

Get a Sample Copy of the Report at – https://www.absolutereports.com/enquiry/request-sample/18779695

Market Overview

Major Players includes : –

  • Adidas AG (Germany)

  • Trek Bicycle Corporation (US)

  • ASSOS of Switzerland GmbH (Switzerland)

  • LLC (US)

  • PEARL iZUMi (US)

  • Manifattura Valcismon S.P.A. (Italy)

  • Giant Bicycles, Inc (Taiwan)

  • Rapha Racing Limited (UK)

  • POC Sports (Sweden)

  • Fox Head Inc (US)

  • 100% Speedlab

  • Specialized Bicycle Components

  • Black Sheep Cycling (Australia)

  • Velocio. (US)

  • Pas Normal Studios (Denmark)

  • Vaude (Germany)

The report examines the Bicycle apparels & accessories market drivers and restraints, along with the impact of Covid-19 are influencing the market growth in detail. The study covers & includes emerging market trend, market developments, market opportunities, market size, sales, market analysis, market revenue, market dynamics, and challenges in the industry. This report also covers extensively researched competitive landscape sections with profiles of major companies, including their market share and projects.

To Understand How Covid-19 Impact Is Covered in This Reporthttps://www.absolutereports.com/enquiry/request-covid19/18779695

Market Segmentation

In terms of type segment: –

  • Helmets

  • Jerseys & tees

  • Gloves

  • Pants & shorts

  • Shoes

  • Goggles & glasses

  • Protection gears

  • Socks

  • others

Based on Category Segment: –

  • Mountain bikes

  • Road bikes

  • City bikes

  • others

By Distribution Channel:

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