6.2 Million U.S. Children Suffered Traumatic Brain Injuries From Sports Equipment From 2000 To 2019, With A Higher Increase Among Girls, Study Finds

Topline

Traumatic brain injuries related to consumer products – mainly sports equipment – accounted for 12.3% of all consumer product-related children’s emergency room visits reported in the U.S. in 2019, a dramatic increase from 4.5% in 2000, according to a study published Thursday in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, with incidence rates declining for boys since 2012, but not among girls.

Key Facts

The number of traumatic brain injuries from consumer products among children aged 5 to 18 that were treated in emergency departments increased by 3.6% from 2000 to 2008, followed by a 13.3% jump from 2008 to 2012 and a 2% drop between 2012 to 2019.

While boys had the highest incident rate of equipment-related traumatic brain injuries treated in 2019–681 per 100,000 vs. 376 per 100,000 for girls–girls have had a higher average annual increase in cases over the study span (5.1% vs. 2.8% for boys), and cases have declined 2.7% for boys since 2012 while among girls they’ve risen another 0.7% since 2011.

Some 27% of consumer product-related traumatic brain injuries that led to emergency department visits by children aged 5 to 18 from 2000 to 2019 occurred in sports and recreation areas, followed by at home (24%), schools (19.9%), and streets and highways (4.5%), according to the study.

Overall, football was the most common activity during which consumer-product-related brain injuries that led to emergency department visits occurred, with 734,967 reported cases, followed by bicycling (469,285) and basketball (396,613), researchers found.

Boys aged 11 to 13 made up the highest incidence rate (734 cases per 100,000 people), followed by boys ages

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Altering way of living behaviors can have a marked effect on lifespan, study finds

Idioms and proverbs about the worth of maintaining superior wellbeing span the ages. Numerous emphasize how intently wellness is tied to joy and the prospect to dwell a fulfilling and pleasing existence.

A review published this month in Age and Ageing by The Japan Collaborate Cohort (JACC) Analyze group at Osaka College assessed the effect of modifying way of living behaviors on existence expectancy from center age onwards. The researchers located that adopting five or far more healthy lifestyle behaviors increased lifestyle expectancy even for men and women 80 yrs of age and, importantly, like those people with serious situations.

Lifespan is dependent on social factors these as socioeconomic status, policy elements this kind of as assisted access to health care, and lifestyle things like eating plan and workout. The present examine employed a baseline study from the JACC study, a significant analysis job of 49,021 folks carried out from 1988 to1990 in 45 locations of Japan.

The purpose was to boost information about what variables contribute to demise from most cancers and cardiovascular condition as a result, the questionnaire involved factors this kind of as food plan, physical exercise, liquor ingestion, smoking standing, slumber length, and human body mass index. Points had been specified for each and every healthier conduct and the effects of modifying these lifestyle behaviors on projected lifespan was assessed.

The analyze continued until finally December 2009, by which time 8,966 folks experienced died. The study’s main writer, Dr. Ryoto Sakaniwa explained. “The results were being quite apparent. A higher amount of modified balanced behaviors was right associated with excellent longevity for equally guys and girls.” The life time gains were greatest for lowering alcoholic beverages intake, not using tobacco, getting rid of bodyweight, and escalating snooze, incorporating up to 6 a long time of existence

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Healthy life-style assosiated with extra a long time with out Alzheimer’s: Study



ANI |
Current:
Apr 17, 2022 16:24 IST

Washington [US], April 17 (ANI): Healthier life style is involved with lengthier existence expectancy, and people who observe it stay a much larger proportion of their remaining several years without the need of Alzheimer’s disorder.
These results, revealed in the journal ‘The BMJ’, present that a healthy life style is affiliated with longer life expectations, but crucially the further years did not signify additional many years lived with Alzheimer’s.
The range of men and women dwelling with Alzheimer’s and other dementias is predicted to treble around the globe by 2050, from an approximated 57 million in 2019 to 152 million in 2050.
A healthy way of life, satisfactory exercising, cognitive engagement, and a healthy food plan, may possibly lessen the risk of dementia and extend life expectancy.
Also, reaching more mature ages is related with a better hazard of Alzheimer’s. So, though a more healthy way of living may possibly delay the onset of Alzheimer’s dementia, it may improve the yrs spent with the illness.
To look into this lesser-regarded situation further more, a crew of US and Swiss researchers have analysed the likely effects of a healthier way of living on the selection of a long time spent dwelling with and without Alzheimer’s.
The examine analyses information from 2449 participants aged 65 yrs and more mature (ordinary age 76), with no history of dementia, in just the Chicago Wellness and Getting old Challenge (CHAP).
Participants accomplished in depth diet and lifestyle questionnaires and a nutritious way of life rating was created centered on: a hybrid Mediterranean-Dash Diet (a diet plan prosperous in whole grains, green leafy greens and berries and low in quickly/fried food stuff, and crimson meats) late-lifetime cognitively stimulating routines at least 150 minutes a 7 days of physical

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Healthy lifestyle and life expectancy with and without Alzheimer’s dementia: population based cohort study

Abstract

Objective To determine the impact of lifestyle factors on life expectancy lived with and without Alzheimer’s dementia.

Design Prospective cohort study.

Setting The Chicago Health and Aging Project, a population based cohort study in the United States.

Participants 2449 men and women aged 65 years and older.

Main exposure A healthy lifestyle score was developed based on five modifiable lifestyle factors: a diet for brain health (Mediterranean-DASH Diet Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay—MIND diet score in upper 40% of cohort distribution), late life cognitive activities (composite score in upper 40%), moderate or vigorous physical activity (≥150 min/week), no smoking, and light to moderate alcohol consumption (women 1-15 g/day; men 1-30 g/day).

Main outcome Life expectancy with and without Alzheimer’s dementia in women and men.

Results Women aged 65 with four or five healthy factors had a life expectancy of 24.2 years (95% confidence interval 22.8 to 25.5) and lived 3.1 years longer than women aged 65 with zero or one healthy factor (life expectancy 21.1 years, 19.5 to 22.4). Of the total life expectancy at age 65, women with four or five healthy factors spent 10.8% (2.6 years, 2.0 to 3.3) of their remaining years with Alzheimer’s dementia, whereas women with zero or one healthy factor spent 19.3% (4.1 years, 3.2 to 5.1) with the disease. Life expectancy for women aged 65 without Alzheimer’s dementia and four or five healthy factors was 21.5 years (20.0 to 22.7), and for those with zero or one healthy factor it was 17.0 years (15.5 to 18.3). Men aged 65 with four or five healthy factors had a total life expectancy of 23.1 years (21.4 to 25.6), which is 5.7 years longer than men aged 65 with zero or one healthy factor (life expectancy 17.4 years, 15.8 to 20.1). Of the total life expectancy

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